April 25, 2009

Google Analytics- October to April



Visits are concentrated around the great lakes region and northeastern US.
90% of Canada's pop lives within 100 miles of the US border.

Every state except Wyoming and South Dakota. DC is counted as a region.

New Resident of Boston- What to See and Do

I'm fairly new to the Boston Area and so I spent some time looking up things to do and see around town. I don't start work for a couple weeks so I have some time to explore the city. I've got a Charlie Card (Bus and Metro Pass) to see what there is around Boston. I've already been on the Freedom Trail, and besides that so far I've come up the following places to check out:

Bunker Hill Monument
USS Constitution
Faneuil Hall
Institute of Contemporary Art
Harvard Square
Museum of Fine Art
Newbury St
Copley Square

Christian Science Center

I see from the Live Traffic Feed on the right that some of my visitors are from the New England Area. Is there anywhere else you would recommend? Feel free to comment below or on the comments section on the Google map provided below.


View Boston in a larger map

Canadian-American War

Although many Canadians might not like this clip especially in relation to the recent Fox News broadcast insulting the Canadian armed forces, it is good to recognize how laughable even the idea of war between the US and Canada is today. But, as many Canadians might tell you, "Canada" (actually British soldiers) already "defeated" (actually had more of a stalemate with) the US in the War of 1812. Here's a clip from the West Wing about the "Canadian-American War"...along with Canadian and American stereotypes:

Canada's National Inferiority Complex

As I mentioned before, Canada has an insidious inferiority complex. From the outrage about a Fox News commentator being offensive, to Billy Bob Thornton being an egotistical joke, to a range of other events that have made Canadian go up in arms about stupid side remarks made by Americans. It says a lot about Canadian culture that we get so self-conscious and offended by a few offhand remarks. Here's an insightful account of the Canada's inferiority complex followed what may have been one of the first uses of the term:

From the Mad Canuck:


I spent almost all my life living in Canada, and throughout most of it, I'd hear comparisons of Canada against the United States. I'd hear Canadian businesses comparing themselves against American businesses, Canadian professionals comparing themselves against American professionals, and Canadian cities comparing themselves against American cities.

One of the things that really struck me when I first moved down here is the fact that Americans don't spend much time comparing themselves to anyone, or even to each other. American cities each have their own personalities, and may even have their own rivalries (e.g.: the New York Yankees and Boston Red Sox). But, you don't see New York comparing itself to Chicago, or Atlanta comparing itself to San Francisco. Each of these cities has their own unique flair, and all seem to be content with being themselves. Americans in general do not spend much (if any) time comparing the United States with other countries. Americans may travel and appreciate the differences with other countries, but are generally content with the United States the way it is.

Since moving to the US, I've traveled to Canada several times, and sometimes I'm asked by Canadians what Americans think about a particular issue, such as the recent drop of the American dollar versus the Euro or against the Canadian dollar. They usually seem shocked when I tell them that most Americans just don't seem to care much at all.

In 2002, an American fighter pilot flying his F-16 jet over Afghanistan mistakenly dropped a large bomb on a group of Canadian soldiers when he mistook their live-fire exercise for an attack on his aircraft. What was really striking was the difference in coverage of the incident between the Canadian press and the American press: in Canada, it was a huge scandal with big front-page newspaper articles and angry speeches in parliament, while in the United States it was much more subdued. It is not that Americans did not care about the issue, in fact the response here was pretty much the same as would have happened if the pilot had dropped a bomb on a bunch of American soldiers: he was tried before an American court martial, found guilty of dereliction of duty, and punished. Americans realized that, while the incident was tragic, it is not the first time a soldier has been killed by "friendly fire" and will certainly not be the last.

Now for those Canadians reading this, think about this scenario: if it was a Canadian fighter pilot who dropped that bomb, would there have been such an outcry? I think not. I suspect if it were a Canadian pilot, the response would have been much more muted, and probably about the same level as we saw here in the United States. But, the fact that it was an American pilot meant that many Canadians perceived it as an attack on all Canadians by the whole United States, and took personal offense when Americans did not see it the same way.

Canada in general seems to be suffering from a national inferiority complex, where Canadians feel insecure about their country's achievements, and their own strengths and capabilities. Canadians so easily get caught up in comparing themselves to each other and their southern neighbors that they can easily lose sight of what is superior about Canada. Most Americans I've met who have been to Canada tend to be very impressed with how clean the place is and how friendly the people are. The Canadian educational system is second to none and turns out a quality of graduate you can only get down here from an Ivy League school (at four times the cost). Canadian cities are clean, and filled with examples of beautiful architecture and well-designed facilities.

Canadian politics are filled with terms like "regional disparity", and all sorts of regional rivalries. Quebeckers (québecois) hate English Canada because they think English Canada doesn't understand them. Western Canadians hate Ontario because they think Ontario has too much pull, and think Quebec is a province of whiners. The Atlantic provinces only care about their fishing industry, British Columbia its timber industry, and the northern territories just want the rest of Canada to leave them the hell alone. Here in the US, even though regional diversity is more pronounced, you don't hear much talk about it.

Canadians really need to spend less time thinking about the differences between each other and between themselves and other countries, and take more pride in what makes Canada and themselves distinct. For me, it is ironic that I had to live outside Canada to discover that fact for myself.



THAT INFERIORITY COMPLEX
AN ADDRESS BY MERRILL DENISON, F.R.S.A.
Chairman: The President, Mr. Thos. H. Howse
Thursday, March 10th, 1949

HONOURED GUESTS AND GENTLEMEN

Today our guest of honour is Mr. Merrill Denison, famous Canadian-American, or if you wish American-Canadian. I say this advisedly because his mother came from United Empire Loyalist stock, and his father was of American Revolutionary stock.

While he lives part of the time in New York, he spends as many months in Canada as he does in the United States. Incidentally, his summer home is at Bon Echo, Ontario.

On one side of the border Merrill Denison is known as "A great American author"-on the other, "A great Canadian author." Perhaps it might be more accurate to describe him as "A citizen of North America."

Having established Mr. Denison's nationality beyond any shadow of doubt, we find further support of our conclusions when we consider his sources of income.

As a writer of magazine articles he is a contributor to "Harper's" and "The Atlantic Monthly" in the United States, and he is well-known in the "Toronto Star Weekly" here in Canada.

In the radio field he has written many series of broadcasts for networks in the United States and he wrote an important series of broadcasts for The Canadian National Railway and The Imperial Oil Company here in Canada.

As an author, he has written eight or nine books "Klondike Mike" was a "Book-of-the-Month." His latest book "Harvest Triumphant" which deals with the history of The Massey-Harris Company, has been an outstanding success in Canada and the United States, and is now being prepared for publication around the world.

As a playwright he has been most successful both in Canada and the United States. He also studied architecture at the Universities of Toronto and Pennsylvania, and after serving in the First World War, continued his studies at the University of Paris, France.

Having presented the evidence, gentlemen, I leave it to you to decide whether our guest of honour is a Canadian or American citizen.

It now affords me very great pleasure to introduce Mr. Merrill Denison, F.R.S.A., who has chosen as the title for his address "That Inferiority Complex."

Mr. Chairman,

In addressing The Empire Club I do not feel that I am come among strangers. For some time during my career, in fact, I functioned in the somewhat unprofitable but nonetheless arduous position of the Club's second assistant secretary. This was due to the fact that my bride-to-be was first assistant secretary and to gain an audience with her I had to help out with the secretarial duties. She owed her position in turn to the fact that her father, Dr. D. J. Goggin, of honoured memory and one of the founders of this Club, was then secretary.

In spite of this fleeting, past association there seems to be some confusion among your executives as to whether I'm appearing before you as a homing Canadian, a visiting American, or one of those happily indecisive birds which are alternately praised for their independent spirit and damned for their schizophrenia--a mugwump. I sympathize with the executive in their confusion for I am often confused myself.

For example, at a meeting of the Canadian Authors Association not long ago I heard myself introduced in this fashion:

"Merrill Denison of New York is legally an American, having been born in Detroit instead of Windsor, but: it was a close thing. Except for this incident beyond his control he is as much a Canadian as any of us."

Let me hasten to assure you that my birthplace was no accident any more than the event itself was any incident. Long before I even became embryonically involved in the project, my mother, for various reasons of her own had resolved that I should breathe the free air of the Republic from the first, and went to considerable lengths to make good that resolution. There is hardly the time now to go into the involved influences that led her to such a curious decision but out of respect for them, an American citizen I've remained-to paraphrase Sir John A. Macdonald just a little.

However, my decision to remain an American seems to have had astonishingly little effect in making any the less Canadian ... except, of course, in the matter of voting. I've lived alternately in both countries; been educated alternately in both and worked alternately in both. In general, I find myself somewhat more belligerently Canadian when in the United States than when in Canada and more determinedly American when in Canada than when in the United States. The reason, I suppose, is because I was born a child of protest and have gone on protesting ever since--against ignorance and intolerance and provincialism. If the truth could be determined, it would probably be discovered that I am wholly North American.

Having done little or nothing to clear up your confusion, I can now proceed to the subject of my discourse--"That Inferiority Complex." The reference, of course, is to the oft-repeated charge--or apologia--heard so often in connection with certain aspects of the Canadian mental climate. Fortunately, I am not only an authority on the inferiority complex but possibly one of the greatest living authorities. I don't claim to be the inventor of the famous cliché--some of the credit must be shared with Sigmund Freud--but I was probably the first to diagnose the symptoms and immortalize them on the printed page. That was when, for a brief period in its precarious existence, I served as the contributing editor of the Canadian Bookman.

I'd like to tell you something about the circumstances. After attending the Toronto public schools, Jarvis Collegiate and the University, I left Canada to continue my architectural training at the University of Pennsylvania, Columbia and finally Paris. I served with the French and American Armies during the First World War, and after the war started to practise architecture, first in Boston and then New York. That was fairly satisfactory for a couple of years, and then it began to dawn on me that I'd picked the wrong profession-for me, at least. Working in an office gave me claustrophobia, and I began to feel a terrible nostalgia for the Ontario backwoods, and the Big Rock at Bon Echo where I had spent all my boyhood summers. But there seemed to be no way to reconcile architecture and the backwoods until it suddenly dawned on me that I could give up architecture. I did so and immediately the question arose--what to do with my architectural skills--which were about the only ones I had. Fortunately, I knew something about the work being done at Hart House Theatre at Toronto University, and returned to become its art director.

I had been away from Canada virtually for seven years. I had seen other countries, come to know new people, and acquired a greater respect for Canada. In the French and American Armies, the valor of the C.E.F. had won a reputation unequalled by any other fighting force; in New York people had invariably regarded Canada and Canadians with admiration and neighbourly affection, and in my travels I had seen nowhere anything that could compare in natural beauty with the granite shores and blue waters of Bon Echo.

In New York I had heard that Hart House was one of the most interesting experimental theatres on the continent. That, indeed, it proved to be. Under the exciting, if sometimes erratic, directorship of Roy Mitchell, it drew to it many fine creative talents--painters, musicians, and people who responded to the magic of the theatre--from it should have radiated creative influences that could have enriched Canada's cultural life enormously. Some of these influences did radiate outward and their effects can be seen in many parts of Canada today--but never to the extent of their promise or potentialities.

As an outlander--in part at least--I sensed both the promise and its failure--the promise in satisfaction that comes from worthwhile creative and co-operative efforts, the failure in the monumental apathy with which these efforts were generally received. In New York the vitality of the Hart House would have had the town agog: in Toronto it was meaningless except to a relatively small band of loyal adherents.

I wanted to know why and inevitably became interested in other aspects of Canadian cultural activity. Had such activities been wholly lacking, it would have been easy to dismiss Toronto as a provincial city, as indeed, many a Sunday visitor has done so bitterly. But most of the Toronto homes I knew were hung with pictures and had libraries filled with books. There was the University-an indubitable oasis of culture; the city boasted the greatest musical school-in point of student members-on any hemisphere; and had one of the finest public library systems to be discovered anywhere.

Here were evidences of healthy cultural appetites and of efforts to satisfy them. The curious thing was that so little of the fare offered seemed to be Canadian--neither the pictures on the wall, the books on the shelves, the lectures at the University, nor the music that floated out across University Avenue through the windows of the Conservatory.

This astonished me, for I had come to think of Canada as something eminently worth expressing. And it seemed to me that Canadians, at the close of World War I, with the achievements of the Canadian Expeditionary Force and their leading role in establishing the British Commonwealth behind them, should be as eager and able to express themselves--in books, pictures, music--as any people in the world. But it was quite evident that while the long struggle for political independence had been finally won, the struggle for spiritual and cultural independence was not yet even well begun.

Again I wanted to know the reasons. An experience at Hart House led me directly to an answer. One of the conditions under which the theatre was operated was that one bill of Canadian plays should be produced each season. It was not quite clear what a Canadian play might be and a year's search failed to disclose more than two one-act plays which seemed to come under possible classification and those mainly because they happened to be written by Canadians. It thereupon became incumbent upon either the director or myself to turn playwright to supply the missing third of an evening's entertainment. We tossed for it and I lost.

Since time had become peculiarly of the essence--the production was less than three weeks off--I had to decide quickly what a Canadian play might be-and write it. I settled the first question by concluding that a Canadian play should have something to do with Canadians in Canada. That gave rise immediately to another puzzling problem. What is a Canadian? Where does one find one? What does he look like; how does he act and react; what is distinctive about him? How does he differ from an American or an Englishman, a Scotsman or Irishman?

An American or British dramatist would not have been faced with the same problem or had to make the same pioneering effort-generations of novelists, playwrights, essayists had devoted themselves to exploring and delineating national traits and characteristics-to interpreting those peoples to themselves.

Why hadn't the same things taken place in Canada? Why had the development of a Canadian literature lagged so far behind other phases of Canadian development? A number of obvious answers presented themselves-geographic, political, economic, and so forth. But none of them seemed entirely satisfactory. If Canada could produce statesmen, lawyers, teachers, doctors, engineers, explorers, inventors, evangelists and moving picture stars--as she had in rich abundance--why couldn't she produce writers? The answer to that one was, of course, she had. But why hadn't they written about Canada--why hadn't they absorbed and communicated something of the immensity of her struggles and the wonder of her accomplishments?'

The answer seemed to he that there didn't yet exist an audience in Canada ready to welcome things Canadian. Again why? With some assistance from Mr. Freud I came up with one possible diagnosis-an inferiority complex, an intellectual timidity born of a false feeling of inadequacy or inability. I expected that the impeachment would be promptly challenged and denied:--I never expected that it would become part of the national folklore and live to become a tedious and shop-worn cliche. For my sins, I have been doing my best to combat it ever since.

It was the desire to combat a sense of inferiority that mainly inspired my latest book Harvest Triumphant the 100-year story of the Massey-Harris Company. It was written not to glorify a particular company but to present to Canadians the fascinating story of a little known but remarkable Canadian achievement.

I actually stumbled on the story almost by accident. 1 knew of Massey-Harris, of course, as who wouldn't who had ever pedalled a bicycle along the devil's strip on King Street out to Sunnyside or Diamond Park. I knew that the company claimed to be the largest makers of the farm implements in the British Empire but farm implements had never been numbered among my irrepressible enthusiasms. I had no idea, although I considered myself pretty familiar with every aspect of Canadian history, that here was a firm that was one of the world's great commercial undertakings or one that, in the course of the past fifty years, has contributed as much to the mechanization of agriculture as any other in the entire world.

At three times in its career this Canadian company had pioneered the technological advancement of farming--in the 1890's with the most efficient self binder ever manufactured; in the 1900's with the Reaper-Thresher, the first of the modern combines that reap, thresh, and clean grain automatically, and lastly with the fabulous self-propelled combine, which currently has placed Massey-Harris in the foremost rank of the world's farm implement industry.

In the United States, such contributions to material progress would have been proudly recognized as national achievements and made part of the lore of every school child--in Canada they remained unknown or ignored. I discovered them when I was commissioned to write the company's hundredth anniversary booklet. Poring through old records I was first amazed and then excited to learn of the part the firm had played not only in the mechanization of farming but in the development of the Canadian Northwest, in pioneering Canada's now gigantic export trade in manufactured articles and scores of other ways as well.

It was to communicate some of my excitement that I wrote Harvest Triumphant. In addition to recording and celebrating a great achievement, I intended the book to carry a simple message. Implicit in it is this statement "See, my Canadian friends, here is what some of you have succeeded in accomplishing. Should you any longer harbor illusions of inferiority you can dispense with them forthwith."

Speaking as an American, nothing seems more ludicrous than the notion that Canadians-en-masse should harbor a sense of inferiority. Most Americans, I suspect, would be inclined to believe the opposite. So long as the Mounties never fail to get their man, number one Manitoba holds its world supremacy, and you periodically produce a Barbara Ann Scott-suggestions of inferiority will fall on ears across the border as a deliberate affectation.

Americans, of course, are eternally charged with taking Canada for granted, For that they are not entirely to blame. The last reference to Canada in more than half the history textbooks used in American public schools is the year 1763. But any well informed American can retort, with equal truth, that Canadians are also prone to take Canada for granted-that most of them seem to take little or no interest in anything beyond the immediate and narrow limits of their daily lives. Where the American in general is responsive to every new development afoot in the United States-the Canadian in general remains aloof, reserved, disinterested in significant happenings within his country. To Americans, and I include myself again, this presents something of an enigma. Why, when you have so much, do you make so little of it and seem to get so little fun out of it?

I don't pretend to know all the answers--although I've been seeking them ever since I can remember,--but I think one of the most acceptable is to be found in the most rewarding book that has yet come from the pen of a Canadian: Bruce Hutchison's "Unknown Country". As Hutchison points out--Canada is still very largely an unknown country both to her own people and the strangers outside her gates.

In a fine opening passage he points up the great central theme of the Canadian story-the dramatic essence which gives its unique quality and heroic scale. Writing in 1944 he said: "Never have eleven and a half million people ventured so greatly, undertaken more, or accomplished more." With a simple variation in numbers the same truth holds good from the very dawn of Canada's beginnings.

No one who knows the Canadian story can fail to have his imagination kindled by the stature of the men who made it. Not the governors or the politicians-most of them seem to have been a dull and dreary lot-but the ordinary people-the men and women who succeeded against incredible odds in making Canada a nation-the anonymous integers who swelled the census rolls with painful slowness decade after decade.

Consider the restless courage that led a handful of irrepressible French romantics to embark on the discovery and conversion of an unknown content-the grim determination that built the Welland Canal with sweat and pick and shovel in six years time--(the population of Upper Canada was then less than 150,000)-the fantastic daring of the men who conceived and financed and built the Canadian Pacific Railway-the loyalties that compelled the Selkirk and later the first prairie settlers to sit out the dreary decades until technology and Clifford Sifton came finally to their rescue--of the mystical faith and fortitude needed to seek out the riches locked in the Laurentian Shield.

These and other engrossing dramas are part of the Canadian saga. Even more remarkably, in the process of mastering their physical environment, Canadians have been notable innovators, initiators, true pioneers in other important areas of human activity. The Northwest Mounted Police was their invention and from that body stems every non-urban police organization on the continent. The Ontario. Hydro Power Commission was their creation and the inspiration for the Tennessee Valley Authority and other social developments of a like nature. The swift evolution of air transport was largely of their doing and today the air lift to Berlin can be traced back step by step directly to the northern bush pilots of a quarter century ago.

These are but some of the highlights of a continually fascinating story. Yet few Canadians seem to be aware of them or else they remain untouched by their significance. Why? The answer lies in part at least in the failure to develop a Canadian literature which will first communicate, then celebrate national achievement in exciting and engrossing terms.

National consciousness, you know, is not transmitted through the genes or chromosomes. It is an intellectual concept acquired from literary preachment. How explain Canada's outpouring of blood and treasure in two world wars if it was not in response to the love of Britain engendered by her poets, dramatists, ballad writers and novelists. How, without Punch, could the British ever have come to imagine themselves a modest, reticent, unassuming people -or we Americans, without the Saturday Evening Post and Hollywood, to imagine ourselves inventors of virtually everything on earth?

But the failure to develop an important body of Canadian literature is due to an even more fundamental failure.

And please don't think that I undervalue the steps that have already been taken in that direction by Canada's writers or the discouragements they have had to overcome--the duality of language, the smallness of the population, the magnetic attraction of the larger American market... The more fundamental failure, it seems to me, lies in the mistake of not teaching Canadian history as it has actually happened.

No school children anywhere, surely, were ever made to stiffer such pains of compounded boredom as are young Canadians in wrestling with the false confusions of what has been made to seem their dull and unexciting past. As it was taught in my day--and I've reason to suspect it's pretty much the same today--Canadian history was without a single affirmation that would make one proud to be Canadian.

The French period, of course, is so colorful and romantic that only a great talent could destroy it and the textbook writers were not distinguished by great talent. But with the Conquest, life suddenly departs from the story and from that point it plunges into the labyrinth of constitutional history and developments. Along its dull and tortuous paths most school children pass out somewhere between the Constitutional Act of 1791 and the Act of Union of 1841. Should their waning interest survive these bewildering events, then the confusions of Confederation or those of the Manitoba School question will surely down them anyway.

Again one wonders why. Alongside those of Britain and the United States, the story of Canada's constitutional development is relatively uninteresting to anyone but students of government and constitutional lawyers. The story of the Canadians' success--with their infinitesimal population--in retaining and developing half a continent on the other hand, is one of the great human dramas of history. How account, then, for the fact that the one is stressed beyond all reasonable need and the other virtually ignored? The answer, it seems to me, must lie in the fact that Canadian history textbooks are written entirely from a colonial point of view, in which the desire to emphasize the British attachment has made necessary the adoption of an amazing fiction--that Canada came into being in a geographic vacuum, as completely divorced from American influence as if the countries were on different planets.

This represents an extraordinary indifference to fact. The inter-relationships and economic inter-dependencies of the two countries, together with their political independencies of each other, make one of the world's most interesting phenomena and the undefended border one of the most important factors in Canada's pact. As a safety valve it has saved you from the explosive effects of pent-up, economic and political pressures and it has played the same dominant role in the moulding of the Canadian character as the frontier has in the American. To pretend that events beyond that border have had little or no influence on Canada's development is as preposterous as insist that the people who live beyond it have always harbored a sinister desire to annex Canada. Nothing, probably, could do more to foster an inferiority complex than the myth of annexation.

It's only necessary to step across the border into American history to establish the wholly mythological character of the annexation bogey. In the war of 1812, on the eve of the Battle of Queenston Heights, thousands of American troops refused to enter the boats that were to take them across the Niagara River because they had no desire to fight on Canadian soil. When the Montreal signers of the Annexation Manifesto of 1849 reached Washington they were told that the South would never countenance the addition of a large group of Northern states--And the same proposition holds true to this day. There has never been a remote desire for annexation among Americans-and so long as there remains two or three Southern senators with the strength to filibuster, I doubt if Canada could fight her way into the Union with fixed bayonets.

You may ask why I should be so concerned about the subject of Canadian Nationalism--for that is what I am talking about. I am obviously an internationalist. In general, I regard nationalism as a malevolent and disruptive force. I believe in the aims and purposes of the United Nations and I am a supporter of Federal Union. As a preliminary step I would indorse the adoption of dual citizenship between Canada and the United States with the right to vote based solely on residence qualifications. Why, then, am I such a devout advocate of Canadian Nationalism?

I suppose the reason is that as a devoted step-child I wish to see my foster parent realize to the fullest extent her magnificent potentialities. Despite prodigious accomplishments in so many fields, she still lacks many of the cultural appreciations and expressions that enrich life in less fortunate countries. As examples, I cite the lack of a national library; the timid applause for the works of her artists, musicians, writers until they have won recognition outside the country; the general imperviousness to the architectural ugliness of the great majority of Canadian towns and cities.

In many respects Canadians are more to be envied than any people in the world. Your ratio of population to resources is probably in better balance than that of any other country. You have not been too intelligent in the exploitation of those resources-particularly the forests--(They are not as "unlimited" as some advertising would lead one to believe)--but there is still time to place them on a sustained yield basis. Furthermore, Canada now stands on the threshold of a period of fabulous development--an inevitable consequence of the discovery of new reserves of oil and iron as those of the United States approach forseeable exhaustion.

Along with this increased economic strength should come cultural attainments that will make the creative expressions of the Canadian mind and spirit as easily recognized as those of her pulp mills and her factories. Such a fruition depends very largely on the awareness and leadership of organizations such as The Empire Club. I hope you will embrace your opportunities. I count on spending quite a lot of the future here and I'd like to enjoy every moment of it. 1 would be glad to see the end of that inferiority complex.

THANKS BY MAJOR MOORE

MR. PRESIDENT, GENTLEMEN

The frequency with which I bob up at this table must clearly indicate to you that the title of Mr. Denison's address in no wise applies to me.

As I listened to the President's introduction and to the opening passages of Mr. Denison's remarks I realized how much easier it is for presidents and speakers on the other side of the line to establish a guest's racial origin. In the United States the immigration law makes it all delightfully simple. If you are born in a stable you are a horse. And that's all there is to it.

To what we have heard may I add that, to my knowledge, Mr. Denison has performed a valuable service to Canada by journeying through the United States and presenting to our cousins there the story of this country and its people.

Today we have listened to an address delivered with such delicate lightness of touch, and yet with such depth of penetration, as to make it one of the most memorable experiences we have enjoyed over a considerable period of time.

May I trade upon the name of Mr. Denison's summer home in Canada and be the Good Echo of the feeling I know is shared by every member of this Club present here today, and say on their behalf--thank you.

Canadian Universities in American News Coverage

First mainstream US television news coverage of how affordable Canadian Universities are...but they somehow leave out the mention of comparable quality, even when one student decided to go to Canada instead of Georgetown...a Canadian University education isn't just for those without money, it is for those who want a quality education. Also unsurprising is the fact they excluded any smaller schools (such as Mount Allison) from the list. Here's the coverage:

Home-grown IR: The Canadianization of international relations By Kim Richard Nossal in the Journal of Canadian Studies

Speaking of differences between the US and Canadian Political Systems...I've heard a few times about this shift from US-centered International Relations and Political Sciences courses those that are more Canada-centric. Although, as I learned in Canadian Political Science, the study of politics began in the US and moved to the US. Initially the textbooks and course material were 100% American, but have since evolved over time to form to the unique Canadian political landscape. I'd like to give you the entire paper on the subject, but that wouldn't quite be fair-use or the Canadian equivalent (fair-dealing), so here's an except:


Home-grown IR: The Canadianization of international relations

By Kim Richard Nossal
Publication: Journal of Canadian Studies
Date: Saturday, April 1 2000

Over the quarter-century since T.H.B. Symons issued his report on Canadian studies, the discipline of international relations (IR) and Canadian foreign policy studies - found to be so meagre and Americanized by Symons - has been transformed. In English-speaking universities, the discipline has been


Canadianized in a number of ways, including the development of a vibrant literature and a national approach distinct from the American mainstream. Most important, however, the IR professoriate has been progressively Canadianized, not simply in terms of citizenship, but also in doctoral training. Moreover, the pattern of IR hirings altered how international relations is taught in Canada, creating a theoretical pluralism that, again, is distinct from the American academy. In short, the vision articulated by Symons and other Canadian nationalists in the early 1970s has been almost perfectly realized in the case of international relations and Canadian foreign policy studies. The very success of the push for Canadianization has, however, given rise to the growth in postmodern theoretical approaches that are not unquestioningly nationalistic. As these perspectives increasingly take over mainstream scholarship, the pursuit of such overtly national projects as Canadian foreign policy studies will become more problematic

U.S. Preclearance at Halifax International Airport

I flew home from Halifax to Boston yesterday morning...using the U.S. Preclearance facility. It made it much easier to travel when I went through U.S. customs in Halifax and my flight arrived as a domestic flight in Boston. Good thing I came here after the arrangement was made. Here's the information:


August 30, 2006

Halifax International Airport to open U.S. Preclearance facility October 4, 2006
More convenient travel, easier connections for non-stop U.S. bound passengers

Halifax, N.S. - Halifax International Airport Authority (HIAA) announced today that it will open its new U.S. Preclearance facility on Wednesday, October 4, 2006.

“U.S. Preclearance means a new world of convenience and growth opportunities,” said Eleanor Humphries, President & CEO of HIAA. “Non-stop passengers to U.S. destinations will be processed through U.S. Customs and Border Protection prior to their departure. This enables travelers to be treated as domestic passengers on arrival in the U.S. – to enjoy easier, more convenient connections.”

“U.S. Preclearance will also allow Halifax International to market and promote U.S. destinations that do not currently have customs facilities – as evidenced by yesterday’s announcement by American Airlines of their new daily round-trip flight between Halifax International and New York’s LaGuardia Airport, starting in December,” added Ms. Humphries.

The new facility is located in the north end of the Halifax International Airport’s Robert L. Stanfield terminal building. It is, in effect, a “terminal within the terminal”. Passengers will ascend twin escalators in the north end of the terminal, present their tickets, check their baggage, go through pre-board security screening, then proceed to U.S. Customs and Border Protection. Once cleared there, they will proceed to a dedicated departures area. From there, it’s onto their aircraft and off on their non-stop flight to a U.S. destination, arriving as a domestic passenger.


It was so big for Nova Scotia that the Premier's Office issued a press release:

Premier's Office
December 17, 2004 11:50 AM

Customs pre-clearance means the skies figuratively opened today
for the Halifax International Airport Authority. Today, Dec. 17,
federal officials announced the approval of a pre-clearance
facility at Halifax. Premier John Hamm and Mayor Peter Kelly
liked what they saw.

"This is great news for Nova Scotia," said Premier Hamm. "With a
U.S. Customs and Immigration pre-clearance facility at the
airport, it makes it easier to do business and travel between the
United States and Nova Scotia. This move will help our
businesses, and help our major airport."

Premier Hamm congratulated the Halifax International Airport
Authority for its successful lobbying effort, and he thanked
provincial and municipal officials, as well as U.S. Ambassador
Paul Cellucci and Consul General Leonard Hill, for their efforts
in bringing the issue to the attention of the American and
Canadian governments.

"A lot of hard work went into today's announcement, and I wanted
to congratulate staff inside the Halifax International Airport
Authority and inside government," said the premier.

"HRM has been a staunch supporter of efforts to obtain pre-
clearance approval for the past five years and we extend our
sincere congratulations to the Halifax International Airport
Authority team and others for their tenacity and commitment,"
said Mayor Peter Kelly. "Pre-clearance into the United States now
puts Halifax on a level playing field with other major airports
in Canada and further enhances our competitive position in the
air traveller marketplace."

Halifax International Airport is the last major Canadian airport
to receive U.S. Customs and Immigration pre-clearance.

Pre-clearance allows passengers on trans-border flights to clear
U.S. customs at Halifax airport, facilitating shorter beyond
connections at American hub airports and service to U.S. airports
without federal inspection facilities.


FOR BROADCAST USE:

The long wait is over at the Halifax International

Airport.

It was announced today (December 17th) that customs pre-

clearance is finally coming to the Halifax airport, a move

welcomed by Premier John Hamm.

Premier Hamm says pre-clearance will allow passengers to

clear U-S customs in Halifax, making it easier for Nova Scotians

to do business and travel between the United States and the

province.

The premier says pre-clearance should help Nova Scotia's

businesses and the province's major airport.

Mayor Peter Kelly says pre-clearance puts Halifax on a level

playing field with other Canadian airports and enhances the

province's competitive position in the air traveller marketplace.

One Year (8 Months) at Mount Allison

One of the first sayings I heard when I got to Mount Allison in late August of last year was:
"1) Good grades 2) Enough sleep 3) A social life. Pick two, welcome to university." And this seemed to be true for many students the first semester. For me it was sleep that went by the wayside. Waking up for 8:30 classes (yes, students actually have morning classes) and staying up for late night snacks at meal hall with classes, work, and extra curricular activities makes for long days. Eventually fatigue leads one to sleep more, constant tiredness, or coffee. The different schedule in University forces you to prioritize and make sure that you make time for all three of the above...because missing any one of the above isn't sustainable for very long.

This year was really an eye-opening time for me. In addition to learning a lot about human behavour, like nothing else it opened my eyes to how American I had become. I had thought of my living in "The States" as having less of an impact on my political beliefs then it did. Learning about American Exceptionalism and Canada's National Inferiority Complex and their effects was enlightening. So was being the only student in a political science lab arguing that the presidential system was better than the parliamentary system (and being the most enthusiastic person in the room).

Exams were a time of more stress then I'd ever experienced in high school. Instead of consistent tests of learning the course material there are very few chances to prove you went to class. For instance, in one class there were three lines under grading. Term Paper, Midterm Test, and Final Exam...that's it...no second chances...no cruising speed. You either know the material when you need to or you're done.

This brings me to exams...instead of maybe 20-25% of your grade, in University it can be 35-80% of your grade. While there may not be graded assignments and tests every week...you'll have to play a lot of catch up if you don't keep up on what's covered in class. Also unlike high school...course material often isn't only from the textbook. Some teachers teach from the book, but most base their test and exam from what they said in class more than pages in a book. The most important way to be prepared for the midterm and final is to go to class and know what's covered in the course.

Exams to some mean less sleep and/or caffeine dependency (in fact, the school provides free coffee and a place to study until 3am during exams). This is going to sounds like common sense, but I can say from experience that if you keep up with the course material during the semester and plan ahead you'll be less likely to need to pull an all nighter. This isn't to say that you'll get 9 hours of sleep in the days leading to exams, but getting prepared throughout the year and getting enough sleep (coffee isn't a good replacement for sleep in the long run, trust me) will help you a lot more than sleepless nights catching up on 4 months of material.

April 19, 2009

Document Requirements to enter Canada after June 1, 2009...

...do not change. But, with the implementation of the WHTI, it is a moot point and you will need a WHTI travel document...unless you don't plan on leaving Canada...ever.


See the information below from connect2canada.com:


Border Travel Update:
New Document Requirements as of June 1, 2009

The U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and the U.S. Department of State (DOS) have announced that as of June 1, 2009, U.S. law will require Canadian citizens to present either a valid passport or another accepted travel document to enter the U.S. by land and water. Canadian citizens aged 15 and under will be able to present a birth certificate or a citizenship card instead of a passport when travelling to the U.S. by land and water.

Current U.S. law already requires Canadian citizens to present a valid passport to fly to, through or from U.S. byair. Under this law, the NEXUS card is also an accepted travel document when used at a NEXUS kiosk at participating Canadian airports and at all U.S. airports when returning to Canada. This requirement applies to alltravellers, regardless of age, including children.

The passport is the recommended travel and identification document for all Canadian travellers.

Travel to the United States

  • On January 31, 2008, the United States ended the practice of accepting oral declarations of citizenship at the border. All Canadian adult travelers are now required to present proof of citizenship, such as a birth certificate, and proof of identity, such as a driver's license, when entering the United States through land and sea ports of entry.
  • U.S. and Canadian citizens ages 19 and older are required to present a government-issued photo ID, such as a driver's license, AND proof of citizenship, such as a birth certificate or citizenship card.
  • Children ages 18 and under are currently only required to present proof of citizenship, such as a birth certificate.
  • Passports and trusted traveler program cards - NEXUS, SENTRI and FAST - will continue to be accepted for cross-border travel by land and water.

For complete travel document requirements for Canadian citizens travelling to the United States by air, land or water visit the Canada Border Services Agency website.

Travel to Canada

  • Entry requirements to Canada have not changed in the context of the WHTI. If you are a Canadian citizen or a citizen of the United States, you do not need a passport to enter Canada; however, you should carry proof of your citizenship such as a birth certificate, certificate of citizenship or naturalization or a Certificate of Indian Status, as well as a photo ID.
  • If you are flying to Canada from the United States, under U.S. law you are required to present a valid passport or NEXUS card to board the plane.
  • If you are a permanent resident of the United States, you must bring your permanent resident card (i.e. green card) with you.

To view the complete requirements, please visithttp://www.dhs.gov/xnews/releases/pr_1196711811270.shtm.

For information on the June 1, 2009, requirements, please visithttp://www.dhs.gov/xnews/releases/pr_1206634226418.shtm.

To apply for or renew a Canadian passport, visit thePassport Canada website.